How To Become IPS Officer In India

How To Become IPS Officer In India -  WebNewsOrbit

When you are nearing graduation, it is the right time to achieve your childhood goal of becoming an IPS officer.

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Who is an IPS officer

An Indian Police Services Officer is a class 1 police official who belongs to All Indian Services and works for the Central Government and the State Government in various capacities.

He serves the state government as an ASP at the beginning of his career and can lead the state police force as the Director-General of Police.

At the Central Government level, an IPS officer can play an active role in various law enforcing agencies like CBI and IB, to name a few.

What are the eligibility conditions to become an IPS Officer?

To be eligible for becoming an IPS officer, the candidate must possess a degree from an Indian University or equivalent qualification in any stream. 

Final year students of bachelor's degree course can apply for the Civil Services exam, also known as the Indian Administrative Services Exam. This exam is taken by the Union Public Service Commission every year to select IPS officers along with IAS, IFS, IRS, and other allied services officers.

As far as the age limits are concerned, the aspiring candidates must have attained the age of 21 on 1st August of the year of examination and must not have reached 32 years of age on that date.

The upper age limit will be relaxed by three years for OBC candidates and five years for SC/ST candidates. 

The upper age limit is also relaxed in favor of defense services personnel. Besides, the candidate must also be a citizen of India.

What are the qualities required to become an IPS officer?

As aspiring IPS officers, they have to compete with more than 300,000 young candidates to be among the first few hundred.

  • The top quality that an IPS aspirant need is the 
  • Capacity to do hard work and commitment to achieve their set goals
  • Leadership and administrative skills to lead the police force by example
  • Good communication skills
  • Out of box thinking
  • Ability to make quick decisions.
  • Capacity to handle pressure conditions is a must for an IPS officer to discharge his responsibilities in an honest and compelling manner

What is the process to become an IPS officer?

IPS officer is the backbone of Internal Security Services of India. So they need to be among the best to discharge responsibilities effectively.

To prove him or herself as the most suitable candidate, an aspiring RPS officer needs to pass through a rigorous selection process, and that selection process is known as the Civil Services exam.

Online Registration

As a first step to the selection process, the interested can apply online using the website

Candidates will be required to complete the online application form containing two stages:

  • Part 1
  • Part 2

As per the instructions available on the side as mentioned above through the drop-down menu.


The candidates are required to pay a fee of rupees 100 only. However, SC/ST, female, the person with benchmark disability candidates are exempted from fee payment. 

The fee can either be paid by depositing the money in any branch of State Bank of India, by cash, or by using the net banking facility of State Bank of India or by using any Visa MasterCard, Rupay credit, or debit card, etc. 

Preliminary Exam

In the second step of the selection, process candidates have to take a preliminary exam consisting of two papers of 200 marks each. Candidates may choose the optional subject for the second paper from a list of subjects across various streams.

A preliminary exam is usually held in May or June. After qualifying in the preliminary examination, candidates are supposed to take the final exam that is generally held in October by having papers like:

  • One Essay type Indian language qualifying paper (300 marks)
  • One English qualifying paper (300 marks)
  • One journal essay type paper (250 marks)
  • Two journal studies papers of 250 marks each.
  • Four optional subjects papers consisting of 250 marks


Once you are through the final stage is the interview consisting of 275 marks, the aspirants have to go through an interview to test their personality and mental ability. The final list of the successful candidates is prepared, and the candidates who have secured excellent rank out of 400 to 450 approx.


Top rank holders are admitted to Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel National Police Academy as IPS probationers. Here they undergo training of nearly one year in which all aspects of policing and administration are taken care of. After completion of their training, they are posted as per the requirements of the central and state government Police and investigation organization. 

What are the duties of an IPS officer?

The duty of an IPS officer varies according to the wing of the Police Department they are posted in like:

If an officer is made in charge of the law and order wing, then the officer needs to create policies and implement them to maintain law and order of the place officer is for standing.

If they are made in charge of the traffic wing, the officer has to work on uninterrupted vehicular flow in the area in the same way he has to discharge different kinds of duties.

In different wings like Woman and Child care wing, VIP security wing, Economic Offence wing, Cybercrime wing, Crime branch, and Establishment wing, to name a few of them.

Maintaining peace among the public is one of the most important duties of an IPS officer. They are also responsible for making necessary decisions in their allotted state or district to maintain peace. 

What are the job prospects and career options of an IPS officer?

An IPS, an all-Indian Services Officer, works for central and state governments. They serve the state government in various capacities ranging from ASP at the beginning of his career to the DGP. 

They can also serve the central government in various civil defenses and paramilitary organizations like Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF), Border Security Force (BSF), Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI), Intelligence Bureau (IB), Research and Analysis Wing (RAW), etc.

Once inducted into Indian police services as IPS probationers, they are promoted to the rank of

  • Assistant Superintendent in charge of the subdivision
  • Additional Superintendent of Police
  • Superintendent of Police
  • Senior Superintendent of Police is equivalent to Additional Commissioner of Police in Mumbai, Pune, Nagpur, and Thane
  • Deputy Inspector General of Police
  • Inspector-General of Police

The most efficient of them all reach the top post and become Director General of Police.

What is the salary of an IPS officer?

Salary of an IPS officer ranges from rupees 56,100 for a newly inducted IPS officer as deputies the pretending of Police to rupees 225,000 for Director General of Police of a stake. 

Besides, the IPS officers are entitled to various perks and allowances, government accommodation, and very high status in society.

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